Good choice

Cred­ib­il­ity

En­vir­on­ment

So­cio-E­co­nom­ic

  • Aim/Focus
  • Standard organisation
  • Good to know
The label for leather is based on the award criteria DE-UZ 148. Leathers can be a significant source of indoor air pollution because of their large surfaces and their long service lives. Pollutants that may affect our health and environment usually originate from leather tanning and preservation processes. The Blue Angel eco-label for low-emission upholstery leather signals to the consumer that leathers bearing the Blue Angel have been manufactured with the aim of minimizing their impact on health and environment during manufacture, the entire useful life as well as during recycling and disposal. The Blue Angel eco-label enables the manufacturer of upholstery furniture as well as the upholstery craftsman to deliberately choose Blue Angel-ecolabelled low-emission upholstery leathers for their products and, thus, offer upholstery furniture to the consumer that does not pose a risk to their health.
The standard is issued by the Federal Ministry for the Environment. The Federal Environment Agency provides the Blue Angel office and develops the criteria. The independent Eco-label Jury decides on the criteria. RAL GmbH, a subsidiary of German Institute for Quality Assurance and Certification, awards the Blue Angel.
The Blue Angel for low-emission leather signals that the environmental and health impacts of the awarded leathers are minimised from production over the entire service life to recycling and disposal.

Cred­ib­il­ity 73%

  • Availability of Scheme Structure
  • Independence of Scheme Owner from Certificate Holder
  • Availability of Standard
  • Public Consultation of Standard
  • Standard Review
  • Consistent interpretation of the standard
  • Procedure on Remediation
  • CAB Complaints Mechanism
  • Defined Duration of Certificate / License
  • Scheme Legal Status
  • Level of Conformity Assessment
  • Claims Policy
  • Sources of Finance
  • Standard-Setting Process
  • Stakeholder feedback
  • Assessment Methodology
  • Accredited/Approved CABs
  • Clarity of claims
  • Scheme Management
    13/19
    • Governance
      11/13
      • Does the scheme owner make its organisational structure available?
        Answer: Yes publicly
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
        • No (0 points)
      • Is the scheme owner a legal entity, or an organization that is a partnership of legal entities, or a government or inter-governmental agency?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)
      • Is there a mechanism by which the top decision-making body members are accountable to all stakeholders?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)

        Source:

        https://www.blauer-engel.de/en/blue-angel/who-is-behind-it/the-evironmental-label-jury The Environmental Label Jury The independent decision-making body The jury decides which product groups and service sectors should be awarded the Blue Angel. In addition, it discusses and ratifies the respective award criteria developed by the German Environment Agency. The members of the jury are independent and impartial. Membership of the jury is carried out on a voluntary and non-salaried basis. Members of the Environmental Label Jury The jury consists of 16 natural persons who are appointed by the Federal Environment Minister. 14 members of the jury are appointed for a period of three years in agreement with the Chairman of the German Conference of Environment Ministers (UMK). The jury involves all relevant social groups and includes representatives from environmental and consumer associations, as well as those from trade and industry. Two other members of the jury are representatives of the German federal states. One state representative is taken from the environment ministry of the state that currently holds the position of chairman of the UMK. The second is taken from the state that previously held the position of chairman of the UMK. In contrast to the other members, these state representatives are only appointed for a period of two years. The jury meets at least twice a year at their scheduled meetings. In between these meetings, the chairman represents the jury at events and discussions. In the first meeting for the relevant term of office, the jury elects a chairman from amongst the Environmental Label Jury and decides on their work programme for their term of office. The jury will generally refrain from using airplanes when travelling to the meetings or other Blue Angel events within Germany.

      • Do the voting procedures of the top decision-making body ensure that there is a balanced representation of stakeholder interests, where no single interest predominates?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)

        Source:

        https://www.blauer-engel.de/en/blue-angel/who-is-behind-it/the-evironmental-label-jury The Environmental Label Jury The independent decision-making body The jury decides which product groups and service sectors should be awarded the Blue Angel. In addition, it discusses and ratifies the respective award criteria developed by the German Environment Agency. The members of the jury are independent and impartial. Membership of the jury is carried out on a voluntary and non-salaried basis. Members of the Environmental Label Jury The jury consists of 16 natural persons who are appointed by the Federal Environment Minister. 14 members of the jury are appointed for a period of three years in agreement with the Chairman of the German Conference of Environment Ministers (UMK). The jury involves all relevant social groups and includes representatives from environmental and consumer associations, as well as those from trade and industry. Two other members of the jury are representatives of the German federal states. One state representative is taken from the environment ministry of the state that currently holds the position of chairman of the UMK. The second is taken from the state that previously held the position of chairman of the UMK. In contrast to the other members, these state representatives are only appointed for a period of two years. The jury meets at least twice a year at their scheduled meetings. In between these meetings, the chairman represents the jury at events and discussions. In the first meeting for the relevant term of office, the jury elects a chairman from amongst the Environmental Label Jury and decides on their work programme for their term of office. The jury will generally refrain from using airplanes when travelling to the meetings or other Blue Angel events within Germany.

      • Does the scheme owner make quantitative information on the income sources or financing structure of the scheme available?
        Answer: Yes publicly
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
        • No (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner have an internal quality management system available?
        Answer: Yes (on request)
        Score: 1/2
        Possible answers
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
        • No (0 points)

        Source:

        Personal Interview (German Federal Environment Agency (UBA))

      • Is the scheme owner economically independent from the certificate holder?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)

        Source:

        https://www.blauer-engel.de/sites/default/files/pages/downloads/submitting-application/englisch-mustervertrag-2020-11-09.pdf scheme owner is public institution, any company can apply and will pay fees based on volume of trade of labelled goods, scheme owner is independent from the applicants. applicants sign contract with the independent auditor (RAL)

      • Does the scheme owner have sustainability-oriented goals and objectives?
        Answer: No
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)
      • Does the scheme owner have a strategy for meeting its sustainability-oriented goals and objectives?
        Answer: Yes publicly
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
    • Impact
      2/3
      • Does the scheme owner have a system in place for measuring its impacts and progress towards its sustainability goals?
        Answer: Yes publicly
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
      • Does the scheme owner use the results of monitoring and evaluation for learning and improvements to its programme?
        Answer: No
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)
      • Does the scheme owner make sustainability results from M&E available?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

    • Supporting Strategies
      0/3
      • Does the scheme provide access to technical assistance for compliance with the standard?
        Answer: No
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the scheme provide access to technical assistance beyond compliance with the standard?
        Answer: No
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the scheme provide access to finance for enterprises seeking certification?
        Answer: No
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
  • Standard-Setting
    13/15
    • Is the standard made available free of charge?
      Answer: Yes publicly
      Score: 2/2
      Possible answers
      • Yes (on request) (1 point)
      • Yes publicly (2 points)
      • No (0 points)

      Source:

      https://www.blauer-engel.de/en/companies/basic-award-criteria on website a complete list of all standards, including download of stanard in pdf format

    • Has a set of key sustainability issues in the sector or product lifecycle been defined in the standard-setting process?
      Answer: yes
      Score: 1/1
      Possible answers
      • No (0 points)
      • yes (1 point)

      Source:

      https://www.blauer-engel.de/sites/default/files/publication/be-factsheet-prinzipien-eng-rz_0.pdf In the evaluation process, the Blue Angel takes a holistic view of the life cycle of the product and identifies all important areas relevant to the environment in which environmental pollution could be significantly reduced or even avoided. The Blue Angel focuses on the following key areas here: •resource-conserving production (water, energy) •preferential consideration of recycled materials e.g. for paper and plastic •sustainable products made out of raw materials •the avoidance of pollutants in products •reduced emissions of harmful substances into the soil, air, water and indoor spaces •reduction in noise and electromagnetic radiation •efficient use and products that use a low level of energy or water •durability, reparability and recyclability •good fitness for use •return systems and services that enable the common use of products such as car sharing Newer Basic Award Criteria for the environmental label also include social aspects related to the manufacturing conditions, e.g. observance of the ILO fundamental labor standards.

    • Are the standard-setting procedures or a public summary of how stakeholders can engage made available?
      Answer: Yes publicly
      Score: 2/2
      Possible answers
      • Yes (on request) (1 point)
      • Yes publicly (2 points)
      • No (0 points)
    • Which stakeholders can participate in the standard-setting process?
      Answer: All stakeholders
      Score: 2/2
      Possible answers
      • Members only (1 point)
      • Invitation only (1 point)
      • All stakeholders (2 points)
    • Are stakeholders who are directly affected by the standard provided opportunities to participate in standard setting?
      Answer: yes
      Score: 1/1
      Possible answers
      • No (0 points)
      • yes (1 point)
    • Are draft standards field tested / piloted for relevance and auditability during the development process?
      Answer: Not Applicable
      Possible answers
      • Yes (1 point)
      • No (0 points)
      • Not applicable (0 points)
    • Does the scheme owner provide information on how the input received from consultations has been included in the final version of the standard?
      Answer: Yes (on request)
      Score: 1/2
      Possible answers
      • Yes (on request) (1 point)
      • Yes publicly (2 points)
      • No (0 points)

      Source:

    • Do the voting procedures of the decision-making body responsible for standard setting ensure that there is a balanced representation of stakeholder interests?
      Answer: yes
      Score: 1/1
      Possible answers
      • No (0 points)
      • yes (1 point)
    • Is the standard reviewed and, if necessary, revised at least every 5 years?
      Answer: yes
      Score: 1/1
      Possible answers
      • No (0 points)
      • yes (1 point)

      Source:

      not applicable

    • Does the scheme ensure that guidance is in place to support consistent interpretation of the standard?
      Answer: yes
      Score: 1/1
      Possible answers
      • No (0 points)
      • yes (1 point)
    • Are there procedures and guidance for application or interpretation of the standard to regional contexts?
      Answer: Not Applicable
      Possible answers
      • Yes (1 point)
      • No (0 points)
      • Not applicable (0 points)

      Source:

      not applicable

    • Does the scheme owner have a complaints mechanism for the standard-setting process?
      Answer: Yes (on request)
      Score: 1/2
      Possible answers
      • Yes (on request) (1 point)
      • Yes, publicly (2 points)
      • No (0 points)

      Source:

  • Assurance
    29/44
    • Assurance System
      15/17
      • Is there a documented assessment methodology for CABs to assess compliance with the standard?
        Answer: Yes publicly avilable
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes available on request (1 point)
        • Yes publicly avilable (2 points)

        Source:

        https://www.blauer-engel.de/en/blue-angel/who-is-behind-it Tester: RAL gGmbH As an independent organisation, RAL gGmbH (a non-profit private limited company) checks compliance with the requirements after the submission of the product-specific application by a company and concludes contracts on the use of the Blue Angel with the companies.

      • Is application (to get certified/verified) open to all potential applicants within the scope of the scheme?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)

        Source:

        There are no restrictions on who can apply for the standard. The product or service must fall within the respective scope of the standard and comply with all requirements that are in the award criteria. https://www.blauer-engel.de/sites/default/files/pages/downloads/submitting-application/how-do-i-get-blue-angel.pdf

      • Does the scheme owner require CABs to have an assessment fee schedule?
        Answer: Yes publicly avilable
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes available on request (1 point)
        • Yes publicly avilable (2 points)

        Source:

        when enrolling in the scheme, an applicant pays for the "conformity assessment" (by RAL) and use of label. the fees are listed in https://www.blauer-engel.de/sites/default/files/pages/downloads/costs-blue-angel/schedule-fees/contribution-scheme-environmental-label-07-2017-en.pdf

      • Does the scheme owner require CABs to have a documented complaints mechanism in place for compliance decisions?
        Answer: Yes available on request
        Score: 1/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes available on request (1 point)
        • Yes publicly available (2 points)
      • Does the scheme owner make, or require CABs to make, summary certification/verification reports (with personal and commercially sensitive information removed) available?
        Answer: Yes publicly
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (no reports) (0 points)
        • No (confidential) (1 point)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
      • Does the certificate or license define the scope of assurance?
      • Does the scheme owner maintain or require CABs to maintain a publicly accessible list of certified or verified enterprises, or a list of verified products/product groups, or a list of members (in case of membership-based initiatives)?
        Answer: Yes incl. scope of certificate or license
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes incl. scope of certificate or license (2 points)
      • Does the scheme owner maintain a list of all accredited/approved CABs?
        Answer: Yes (publicly)
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes (publicly) (2 points)
      • Does the scheme owner review their assurance system on a periodic basis?
        Answer: Annual
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • Annual (1 point)
        • Every 3 years (1 point)
        • Every 5 years (1 point)
        • Ad hoc (1 point)
      • Does the scheme owner require that clients and other affected stakeholders are notified of changes to the assurance requirements?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)

        Source:

        (changes in assurance system are resulting in changes in the standards criteria, which are reviewed in fixed years) https://www.blauer-engel.de/sites/default/files/general_information_on_the_term_of_validity_of_the_basic_award_criteria.pdf General information on the term of validity of the Basic Award Criteria Validity of the Basic Award Criteria / contracts The Basic Award Criteria are always agreed for a limited period of time by the Environmental Label Jury. The term of validity for each Basic Award Criteria is generally 3 - 5 years. This term of validity is stated in the “Sample Contract” for the relevant Basic Award Criteria in the last section (generally section 5 or 6). Contracts on the use of the environmental label are exclusively concluded for the term ofvalidity of the relevant Basic Award Criteria.However, they can be extended subject to a reso-lution by the Environmental Label Jury. The term of the contract/contracts on the use of the environmental label also ends when the term of validity for the relevant Basic Award Criteria has expired. Termination of contracts by RAL gGmbH Valid contracts on the use of the environmental label are terminated in writing by RAL gGmbH at the latest by 31 March of the year in which the term of validity expires. The notification about the termination of the contract on the use of the environmental label is sent to the manage-ment of the contractual partner (label holder). If the relevant Basic Award Criteria are not completely withdrawn due to a resolution by the Environmental Label Jury, two editions of the Basic Award Criteria for a product group will be published in parallel on the Blue Angel Website in the final year of the original term of validity: •a “new” edition with a term of validity of between 3-5 years and •a still valid (“old”) edition whose term of validity expires in the year of termination. The label holder is thus able to submit a new application based on the new edition in good time to ensure the transitionless labelling of the products/services with the Blue Angel. New application for extending the use of the Blue Angel A new application can only be submitted in accordance with the new edition of the Basic Award Criteria and only with the new annexes to the contract; i.e. any old annexes to the contract become invalid and cannot be used for a new application. New applications or changes will only be accepted online via the WEB PORTALfrom 1 July 2020. Licence holders who have not yet registered should thus register via the Web Portal in the next few weeks. Further information and a guide to using the WEB PORTAL can be found at:https://portal.ral-umwelt.de/. Extending the term of validity of the Basic Award Criteria The Environmental Label Jury can also extend the term of validity of the relevant Basic Award Criteria. The new term of validity will be published on the Blue Angel website and will also be stated in the Basic Award Criteria. If the term of validity is extended before the regular, written termination of the contracts on the use of the environmental label, no notification of termination is sent and the contracts are au-tomatically extended by the new term of validity. It is also possible that the Environmental Label Jury can extend the term of validity multiple times. If the term of validity is extended after the regular, written notification of termination has been sent, the contract is effectively terminated. The label holder will then be sent a written offer to accept the extended term of validity.The offer to accept the extension to the term of validity is sent to the management of the con-tractual partner (label holder). The contract does not need to be terminated again in this case.

      • Does the scheme owner allow partial certification by an enterprise, with requirements to increase the percentage of certified produce over time?
        Answer: No Information available
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)
      • Does the scheme owner have a documented assessment methodology for CABs that are assessing chain of custody?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • yes publicly available (2 points)
        • yes available on request (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

    • Conformity Assessment
      12/17
      • Conformity Assessment Process
        3/3
      • Sustainability Audits
        4/8
        • Does the scheme owner require CABs to be compliant with ISO/IEC 17065, ISO/IEC 17021, ISO/IEC 17020 or equivalent?
          Answer: Yes
          Score: 1/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
          • Not Applicable (0 points)

          Source:

        • At least how often do clients undergo a full audit process?
          Answer: 4-5 years
          Score: 1/2
          Possible answers
          • 1 year or less (2 points)
          • 1-2 years (2 points)
          • 2-3 years (2 points)
          • 4-5 years (1 point)
          • 5 years or more (1 point)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

        • Is the frequency of an audit based in part on a risk assessment of the client?
          Answer: No
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

        • What type of activities are CABs required to undertake during a full audit?
          Answer: Document review (off-site) only
          Score: 1/2
          Possible answers
          • Document review (off-site) only (1 point)
          • Document review on-site (1 point)
          • Field visit (incl. office visit & doc. review) (2 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

          audit activities may differ, depending on the product catagory. for most products laboratory tests are required, though samples can be taken by the applicant and sent to independent (accredited) laboratories, without need of RAL auditor to visit the production site bais (minimum) procedure is: The applicant sends the filled out annexes, providing all evidence from self declaration and independent laboratories RAL checks the application with all annexes If application meets the standards requirements, the contract is signed, and applicant can use label

        • Does the scheme owner allow or require CABs to do unscheduled audits?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Allowed (1 point)
          • Required (2 points)
          • Not allowed (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

        • Are auditors required to solicit external stakeholder input during the audit process?
          Answer: No
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

        • Does the scheme owner require CABs to follow a consistent report format?
          Answer: Yes
          Score: 1/1
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

          for each standard, a number of annexes are provided by the applicant these annexes form the "audit report"

        • Are the people making the compliance decision different from those engaged in the audit process?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

        • Does the scheme allow for group certification or verification?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Group Certification
        0/0
        • Is the group required to have an internal management system?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
        • Is there a requirement that at least all group sites are visited during the period of validity of the certificate?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
        • Is there a sample size formula to determine the number of group members that is externally verified?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
          • Yes based on risk assessment (2 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
        • Do the requirements on group certification/verification define the conditions under which a group member shall be suspended or removed from a group?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Member suspended from certification (1 point)
          • Member removed from a group (0 points)
          • Group suspension (0 points)
          • No repercussion (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Chain of Custody
        0/0
        • Does the scheme owner require CoC CABs to be compliant with ISO/IEC 17020, ISO/IEC 17021, or ISO/IEC 17065 or equivalent?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

          not applicable

        • What is the most independent type of CoC conformity assessment required by the scheme?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • 1st party (1 point)
          • 2nd party (1 point)
          • 3rd party (2 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

          not applicable

        • What type of activities are CoC CABs required to undertake during a full CoC assessment?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Document review (off-site) only (1 point)
          • Document review on-site (1 point)
          • Field visit (incl. office visit & doc. review) (2 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

          not applicable

        • Does the scheme owner require all enterprises that are physically handling the certified product to undergo a CoC audit if the product can be destined for retail sale as a certified, labelled product?
          Answer: Not Applicable
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

          not applicable

      • Laboratory Testing
        5/6
        • In the documented assessment methodology, are test methods either referred to or included?
          Answer: Yes publicly
          Score: 2/2
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (on request) (1 point)
          • Yes publicly (2 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
        • Does the scheme owner require laboratories to be accredited according to recognized laboratory accreditation standards?
          Answer: Yes to ISO 17025
          Score: 2/2
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes to ISO 17025 (2 points)
          • Yes to other recognized standards (1 point)
          • Not applicable (0 points)
        • Are there rules on random sampling and testing for the compliance monitoring?
          Answer: No Information available
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Is there a procedure to deal with non-compliant products manufactured by a client / licensee?
          Answer: Yes
          Score: 1/1
          Possible answers
          • Yes (1 point)
          • No (0 points)
          • Not applicable (0 points)

          Source:

    • Auditor Competencies
      0/7
      • Does the scheme owner define specific qualifications and competencies for CAB auditors?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • Does the scheme owner require that CAB auditors successfully complete training on the standard and its interpretation?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • Does the scheme owner require that CAB auditors successfully complete auditor training based on ISO 19011, or equivalent?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner require that new auditors have a probationary period where their competence in an audit is assessed or supervised?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner require that CAB auditors are evaluated at least every 3 years?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner have or require that CABs have a continuing professional development program in place?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • Does the scheme owner require that there are repercussions such as probation or suspension for the misconduct or poor performance of CAB personnel?
        Answer:
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

    • Accreditation / Oversight
      2/3
      • Does the scheme require a documented accreditation or oversight mechanism?
        Answer: Yes available on request
        Score: 1/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes available on request (1 point)
        • Yes publicly available (2 points)
      • Does the scheme owner require ISO 17011 compliance for ABs?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • Is the accreditation or oversight body independent from the scheme owner?
        Answer: Yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • How often do assurance providers undergo a full accreditation or oversight assessment?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • <1 year (2 points)
        • 1 year (2 points)
        • 2-3 years (2 points)
        • 4-5 years (1 point)
        • >5 years (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Is the frequency of an accreditation or oversight assessment based in part on a risk assessment of the client?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • Does the scheme owner ensure that all CABs are free to apply to operate under the scheme, irrespective of their country of residence, size and of the existing number of providers already operating under the scheme?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner accept CABs that are accredited/accepted by ABs to similar or generic scopes (proxy accreditation)?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Yes assess scheme-specific competence (2 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner require ABs or oversight bodies to have a documented complaints mechanism in place for compliance decisions?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner require ABs or oversight bodies to have a procedure in place for how CABs are required to address non-conformities using a corrective action process?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner require ABs or oversight bodies to make summary accreditation/oversight reports (with personal and commercially sensitive information removed) available?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner ensure that the accreditation or oversight assessment includes an on-site assessment of the CAB?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Does the scheme owner ensure that the accreditation or oversight process includes a review of the performance of CABs and auditors in the field?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
  • Claims & Traceability
    6/6
    • Traceability
      0/0
      • Does the scheme owner have a documented Chain of Custody standard or other traceability requirements?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes available on request (1 point)
        • Yes publicly available (2 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • Are there any CoC requirements for non-certified material, in case mixing of certified with uncertified inputs is allowed?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • Does the scheme owner require CABs to verify that all enterprises within the chain maintain accurate and accessible records that allow any certified product or batch of products to be traceable from the point of sale to the buyer?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • Are companies required to keep CoC records for at least the term of certificate validity?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • Does the scheme have a traceability system that enables checking of product flow between links of the supply chain?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

    • Claims & Labelling
      6/6
      • Does the scheme owner make documented requirements governing the use of symbols, logos and claims available?
        Answer: Yes publicly
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (on request) (1 point)
        • Yes publicly (2 points)
      • Do claims and labelling requirements ensure that claims or logos clearly indicate to what they apply?
        Answer: Yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)
      • Do claims requirements specify the types of claims that can be made for different types of CoC models, where the scheme owner allows for more than one model?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

      • Are claims and label users required to use unique license numbers or other tracking mechanisms?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • Does the scheme owner require surveillance of the accurate use of claims and labels in the market, including a complaints mechanism to report misuse?
        Answer: Yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        https://www.blauer-engel.de/en/blue-angel/faqs-consumers RAL does not conclude the Contract on the Use of the Environmental label before consulting the respective State Ministry for the Environment and before reviewing the submitted documents for correctness and completeness and the results of the testing laboratories. In the event of misuse of the Blue Angel a warning letter will be sent to the label user and in the event of breach of the Basic Award Criteria the eco-label can be withdrawn. In the past, cases of misuse have been quickly discovered and stopped.

      • Does the scheme require different claims depending on the percentage of certified / verified content in a product?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • What is the minimum percentage of a certified / verified input in a single ingredient product for a claim to be allowed for that product?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • 0-49% (1 point)
        • 50-74% (1 point)
        • 75-94% (2 points)
        • 95-100% (2 points)
        • Not specified (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • What is the minimum percentage of certified / verified material in a composite product for a claim to be allowed for that product?
        Answer: Not Applicable
        Possible answers
        • 0-20% (1 point)
        • 21-50% (1 point)
        • 51-74% (2 points)
        • 75-100% (2 points)
        • Not specified (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        not applicable

      • Is the label accompanied by an explanatory text claim or a link to further information?
        Answer: Yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • Yes (1 point)
        • No (0 points)
        • Not applicable (0 points)

        Source:

        BLUE ANGEL Logo Guidelines 5 Using the BLUE ANGEL logo on your certified products The official depiction of the Blue Angel logo – as defined in the contract on the use of the environmental label – must be used and it is not permitted to make any changes. It is only permitted to use the BLUE ANGEL logo in combination with a short link, which displays the BLUE ANGEL website and the number of the Basic Award Criteria (UZ number). Instead of the short link, an explanatory box can be optionally used that de-scribes the most important advantages for the environment and health offered by the relevant Basic Award Criteria. This additional information highlights the advantages of the certified product in comparison to other products and thus supports consumers in their purchasing decision. https://www.blauer-engel.de/sites/default/files/sidebar/downloads/be-logo-leitfaden-en.pdf

      • Does the scheme have a procedure that defines specific consequences of misuse of claims?
        Answer: yes
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • yes (1 point)

        Source:


En­vir­on­ment 50%

  • Criteria on the use of biocides
  • Criteria on hazardous chemicals - substances of very high concern under REACH
  • Chemicals harmful to the Environment
  • Chemicals harmful to human health
  • Criteria on the origins of raw hides
  • Testing for Chemical Residues
  • Wastewater Parameters
  • Chemicals
    12/18
    • Chemical Use
      12/14
      • Does the standard include criteria on chemical use?
        Answer: Advanced: Increase efficiency/reduce chemical use
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Document use of all chemicals (1 point)
        • Advanced: Increase efficiency/reduce chemical use (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances Compliance Verification The applicant and the suppliers of semi-finished leather products (e.g. wet-blue) shall declare compliance with the requirements in Annex 1 or Annex 2, respectively, and submit a list of all process chemicals and their manufacturers according to Annex 3. Current Material Safety Data Sheets according to Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 shall be presented in English and German for all process chemicals. Changes in the process chemicals (elimination/addition/modification of composition) shall be reported to RAL gGmbH immediately by submission of the Material Safety Data Sheets. Checklist and Notes Re: Application for the Blue Angel Eco-Label pursuant to RAL-UZ 148 for "Leather" Dear Sir or Madam, to make sure your application for Award of the Environmental Label is processed without delay you are kindly requested to submit the following documents to RAL gGmbH: Product-related informal application on the applicant's letter-head paper Annex 3a: List of the process chemicals used at the beamhouse and in tanning which are classified by Hazard (H) Statements according to Appendix 2. Substances are to be listed in Annex 3a only if they are listed in the Material Safety Data Sheets of process chemicals classified by a hazard statement according to Appendix 2. All other process chemicals need not be entered. If semi-finished products from suppliers (tanneries) are used the supplier shall complete Annex 3a. Annex 3b: List of all process chemicals used after the tanning process. All process chemicals used are to be listed in Annex 3b. Annexes 4: Declaration of the Manufacturers/Suppliers of Chemicals To be submitted for all process chemicals used in tanning (if remaining in the finished leather) as well as for all process chemicals used in the subsequent processes. Annexes: Material Safety Data Sheets according to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006 for the chemicals listed in Annex 3a and Annex 3b.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements ........................................................................... 9 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances ..................................................................................... 9

      • Does the standard include criteria on chemicals listed on the REACH Candidate List as substances of very high concern?
        Answer: Basic: Restrict use
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Restrict use (1 point)
        • Advanced: Prohibit use except for defined derogations. (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances (...) Also, the leather product must not contain, as constituent components, any substances with the following characteristics: [1]Substances that have been identified as substances of very high concern according to Regulation (EC) No 1906/2006 (REACH) and have been included in the list (so-called Candidate List) set up in accordance with REACH, Article 59(1).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements ........................................................................... 9 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances ..................................................................................... 9

      • Does the standard include criteria on the use of biocides?
        Answer: Advanced: Goes beyond regulation
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Compliance with regulation (1 point)
        • Advanced: Goes beyond regulation (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances Compliance with the relevant substance restrictions of the European and German chemicals law as well as with the trade-specific regulations is a prerequisite. With regard to leather these rules are, above all, the following: (...) Biocidal Products Regulation ( Regulation (EU) No 528/2012 concerning the making available on the market and use of biocidal products) 3.5 Leather 3.5.1 Preservatives Notwithstanding paragraph 3.4 (General Substance Requirements) preservatives shall fall under Appendix A to DE-UZ 148 (edition of March 2015). Chemical preservation for the transportation and storage of raw hides as well as tanned semi-finished products (wet blue, wet white) shall be avoided to the greatest extent possible. A chemical preservation of the finished leather, including the coatings, shall not be permitted13. Testing shall be performed on the finished leather with a moisture content of about 10 percent. It shall be repeated at least every six months and the results shall be presented to RAL gGmbH upon request. If testing reveals preservatives at levels exceeding the maximum values set RAL gGmbH shall be informed immediately. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare in Annex 1 that the leather is manufactured without the use of preservatives (complete survey from slaughter to the finished leather) or name the preservatives used. Also, the applicant shall submit to RAL gGmbH first upon filing the application a test report according to DIN EN ISO 13365 listing the preservatives listed in Appendix A along with the test methods described therein. Sampling shall be done in accordance with DIN EN ISO 2418. Appendix A Biocidal conservatives for Leather 1 Preservation 1.1 Admissible Biocidal Active Substances The following biocidal active substances may be used in accordance with the DE-UZ 148 Basic Criteria to protect raw hides and tanned semi-finished products (wet blue, wet white) during storage and transportation. In doing so, the limit values listed in the table below shall be observed in the final product “leather” (...) 1.2 2-(Thiocyanato-methylthio)benzothiazole (TCMTB) The cumulative parameter with benzothiazole-2-thiol (MBT) as decomposition product of TCMTB shall be determined as limit value. This cumulative parameter shall not exceed the following limit value in the final product “leather”: 1.3 Non-Approved Biocidal Active Substances” According to DE-UZ 148, all other biocidal active substances of PT 9 may not be used to protect raw hides and tanned semi-finished products (wet blue, wet white) during storage and transportation. Analytical verifications shall be provided for the active substances listed in Table 3. Starting out from the analysis method and from the detection limit of these substances the criterion shall be considered met if the following limit values are not exceeded in the final product “leather”: (...) 3 Amendments to Appendix A to the DE-UZ148 Basic Criteria for Leather Provided that preservatives are permitted as preservatives for leather (product group 9) within the scope of the evaluation and approval process under the Biocidal Products Regulation (EU) 528/2012 their inclusion in Table 1 of Appendix A to DE-UZ 148 will be checked by the German Umweltbundesamt (UBA) in consultation with Landesgewerbeanstalt (LGA) Bayern (Regional Trade Institute - Bavaria) and Lederfachinstitut FILK (Research Institute of Leather and Plastic Sheeting), Freiberg. Inclusion in Table 1 is limited to those preservatives of product type 9 for which a determination method for leather exists and which are not classified as a strong contact allergen (Car: A) in the BgVV List – (BgVV - Bundesinstitut für Gesundheitlichen Verbraucherschutz und Veterinärmedizin - German institute for consumer health protection and veterinary medicine). In a similar manner, additional limit values may be included or the conditions of use may be adapted to the state of the art. If a biocidal active substance listed in Table 1 is not included in accordance with the Biocidal Products Regulation (EU) 528/2012 for product type 9 it will be deleted from Table 1 of Appendix A to DE-UZ 148.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements ........................................................................... 9 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances ..................................................................................... 9 3.5 Leather ............................................................................................................. 10 3.5.1 Preservatives .................................................................................................. 10 Appendix A Biocidal conservatives for Leather ............................................................... 17

      • Does the standard include criteria on the use of flame retardants?
        Answer: Advanced: Prohibit use
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • Basic: -
        • Advanced: Prohibit use (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.5.10 Flame Retardants Flame retardants shall not be used. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with this requirement in Annex 1

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.5.10 Flame Retardants ............................................................................................ 14 "

      • Does the standard include criteria on H statements H400, H410, H411?
        Answer: Advanced: Prohibit use (with only exception usage of sulfide in the liming process)
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Prohibit use (with exceptions of usage of sulfide in the liming process and usage of biocides in the production phase) (1 point)
        • Advanced: Prohibit use (with only exception usage of sulfide in the liming process) (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances (...) Also, the leather product must not contain, as constituent components, any substances with the following characteristics: (...) [2]Substances that have been classified according to the CLP Regulation in the following hazard categories or meet the criteria for such classification: (...)  hazardous to the aquatic environment of category Aquatic Chronic 1, Aquatic chronic 2 or Aquatic Acute 1  hazardous to the ozone layer of category Ozone 1 The H-Statements corresponding to the hazard categories can be seen from Appendix B. Compliance Verification The applicant and the suppliers of semi-finished leather products (e.g. wet-blue) shall declare compliance with the requirements in Annex 1 or Annex 2, respectively, and submit a list of all process chemicals and their manufacturers according to Annex 3. Current Material Safety Data Sheets according to Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 shall be presented in English and German for all process chemicals. Changes in the process chemicals (elimination/addition/modification of composition) shall be reported to RAL gGmbH immediately by submission of the Material Safety Data Sheets. Appendix B Assignment of Hazard Categories and Hazard Statements The following table assigns the respective hazard statements (H statements) referred to in these Basic Criteria to the hazard categories of the substances that are generally excluded according to para. 3.4.1. Substances classified for Environmental Hazards Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Very toxic to aquatic life. Aquatic Chronic. 1 H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects. Aquatic Chronic. 2 H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects. Ozone 1 H420 Hazardous to the ozone layer. New: Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphere Appendix A Biocidal conservatives for Leather 1 Preservation 1.1 Admissible Biocidal Active Substances The following biocidal active substances may be used in accordance with the DE-UZ 148 Basic Criteria to protect raw hides and tanned semi-finished products (wet blue, wet white) during storage and transportation. In doing so, the limit values listed in the table below shall be observed in the final product “leather”.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements ........................................................................... 9 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances ..................................................................................... 9

      • Does the standard include criteria on H statements?
        Answer: Advanced: Prohibit use with one exception (see guidance)
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Prohibit use with two exceptions (see guidance) (1 point)
        • Advanced: Prohibit use with one exception (see guidance) (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances (...) Also, the leather product must not contain, as constituent components, any substances with the following characteristics: (...) [2]Substances that have been classified according to the CLP Regulation in the following hazard categories or meet the criteria for such classification:  carcinogenic of category Carc. 1A, Carc. 1B  mutagenic of category Muta. 1A, Muta. 1B  reprotoxic of category Repr. 1A, Repr. 1B  acutely toxic of category Acute Tox. 1, Acute Tox. 2  toxic to specific target organs of category STOT SE1, STOT SE 2, STOT RE 1 or STOT RE 2  sensitizing to the respiratory tract of category Resp. Sens. 1, Resp. Sens. 1 A or Resp. Sens. 1B (...) [3]Substances classified in TRGS 90512 as:  carcinogenic (K1, K2),  mutagenic (M1, M2)  reprotoxic (RF1, RF2, RE 1, RE2) Compliance Verification The applicant and the suppliers of semi-finished leather products (e.g. wet-blue) shall declare compliance with the requirements in Annex 1 or Annex 2, respectively, and submit a list of all process chemicals and their manufacturers according to Annex 3. Current Material Safety Data Sheets according to Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 shall be presented in English and German for all process chemicals. Changes in the process chemicals (elimination/addition/modification of composition) shall be reported to RAL gGmbH immediately by submission of the Material Safety Data Sheets. Appendix B Assignment of Hazard Categories and Hazard Statements The following table assigns the respective hazard statements (H statements) referred to in these Basic Criteria to the hazard categories of the substances that are generally excluded according to para. 3.4.1. CLP Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 Hazard category H Statement Wording Carcinogenic Substances Carc. 1A H350 May cause cancer. Carc. 1B H350 May cause cancer. Carc. 1A, 1B H350i May cause cancer by inhalation. Mutagenic Substances Muta. 1A H340 May cause genetic defects. Muta. 1B H340 May cause genetic defects. Reprotoxic Substances Repr. 1A, 1B H360D May damage the unborn child. Repr. 1A, 1B H360F May damage fertility. Repr. 1A, 1B H360FD May damage fertility. May damage the unborn child. Repr. 1A, 1B H360Df May damage the unborn child. Suspected of damaging fertility. Repr. 1A, 1B H360Fd May damage fertility. Suspected of damaging the unborn child. Acutely toxic substances Acute Tox. 1, Acute Tox. 2 H300 Fatal if swallowed. Acute Tox. 3 H301 Toxic if swallowed. Acute Tox. 1 Acute Tox. 2 H310 Fatal in contact with skin. Acute Tox. 3 H311 Toxic in contact with skin. Acute Tox. 1, Acute Tox. 2 H330 Fatal if inhaled. Acute Tox. 3 H331 Toxic if inhaled. Substances classified for Specific Target Organ Toxicity STOT SE 1 H370 Causes damage to organs. STOT SE 2 H371 May cause damage to organs. STOT RE 1 H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure. STOT RE 2 H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.4 General Substance Requirements ........................................................................... 9 3.4.1 Exclusion of Substances ..................................................................................... 9

      • Does the standard include criteria on testing the final product regarding residues of chemicals?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.5.2 Hexavalent Chromium Leather requires a determination of hexavalent chromium - with and without a stress test - where hexavalent chromium may not be detectable (detection limit: 3 mg/kg). The test shall be repeated at least every six months and the results shall be submitted to RAL gGmbH upon request. If the test shows that hexavalent chromium is present in concentrations above the detection limit of 3 mg/kg RAL gGmbH shall be informed immediately. Compliance Verification The applicant shall submit to RAL gGmbH - upon filing the application and, also, each time the composition is changed, a test report according to DIN EN ISO 17075 (February 2008) showing that hexavalent chromium has not been detected (detection limit: 3 mg/kg). Sampling shall be done in accordance with EN ISO 2418. The ground/cut leather sample shall be examined with and without the aid of a stress test (aging test). To perform a stress test, the ground/cut leather sample (single piece approx. 0.5 x 0.5 cm) shall be first stored for 24 hours at a temperature of 80°C in a drying chamber without convection at a humidity of < 5%. After 24 hours the sample shall be taken out of the drying chamber, cooled in an exsiccator for at least 30 minutes and examined in accordance with DIN EN ISO 17075 within 2 hours after taking it out of the drying chamber. If there are variations in the test condition the general conditions shall be specified. 3.5.3 Indoor Air Quality The products under paragraph 2 shall not exceed the below-listed emission values in the test chamber following the „health risk assessment process for emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from building products” developed by the Ausschuss zur gesundheitlichen Bewertung von Bauprodukten (Committee for Health-Related Evaluation of Building Products)14: Substance 3rd day Final value (28th day) Formaldehyde 60 μg/m3 (0,05 ppm) Other aldehydes 15 (total) 60 μg/m3 Total organic compounds within the retention range C6 – C16 (TVOC) - ≤ 450 μg/m3 Total organic compounds within the retention range C16 – C22 (TSVOC) - ≤ 80 μg/m3 C-substances ≤ 10 μg/m3 total ≤ 1 μg/m3 per single value Total VOC without LCI ≤ 60 μg/m3 R-value ≤ 1 The test may be stopped 7 days after charging the test chamber at the earliest if the values determined are less than half the values required in the 28-day test and no significant increases in the concentration of individual substances are observed – in comparison to the levels observed on day 3. The indoor-air quality tests shall be repeated at two-year intervals in conjunction with the odour test under para. 3.6. The results of such repeat testing shall be reported to RAL gGmbH without further demand. 3.5.4 Extractable Heavy Metals The concentrations of the heavy metals listed in the table below shall not exceed the respective detection limits. Extractable Heavy Metal Limit Value Chromium in chromium-tanned leather 200 mg/kg Cobalt 4 mg/kg Copper 50 mg/kg Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements in Annex 1 and submit a test report according to DIN EN ISO 17072-1. Test samples shall be prepared in accordance with EN ISO 4044, the samples shall be fully ground up. 3.5.5 Organotin Compounds Tin in organic form (tin bonded to a carbon atom) shall not be used. Compliance Verification The applicant shall submit the declarations from all chemicals suppliers confirming compliance with this requirement (Annex 4). 3.5.6 Dyes and Pigments The dyes and pigments listed in Appendix C shall not be used. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare in Annex 1 that the substances listed in Appendix C are not used or present compliance verifications in accordance with DIN EN 17234-1. Also, the applicant shall submit the test results obtained – with respect to leather – using the test method described in DIN EN ISO 17234-1 and - with respect to 4-aminobenzene – those obtained using the test method described in DIN EN ISO 17234-2: 2011. The maximum concentration shall be 20 mg/kg each. 3.5.7 Chloroparaffins/Chloralkanes Chloroalkanes shall not be used. 3.5.8 Perfluorinated and Polyfluorinated Chemicals Neither perfluorinated nor polyfluorinated chemicals (PFCs), as for example, fluorocarbon resins and fluorocarbon emulsions, perfluorinated sulfonic and carboxylic acids nor substances that might be broken down into these chemicals shall be used. 3.5.9 Alkylphenol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenols Alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEOs) and their derivatives shall not be used. Compliance Verification The applicant shall submit the declarations from all chemicals suppliers confirming compliance with this requirement (Annex 4). Alternatively, testing may be performed by means of solvent extraction and GC-MS determination or LC-MS determination according to DIN EN ISO 18218, Parts 1 und 2. The content of alkylphenols and alkylphenol ethoxylates shall not exceed 100 mg/kg each.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.5 Leather ............................................................................................................. 10 3.5.2 Hexavalent Chromium ..................................................................................... 11 3.5.3 Indoor Air Quality ............................................................................................ 11 3.5.4 Extractable Heavy Metals ................................................................................. 13 3.5.5 Organotin Compounds ..................................................................................... 13 3.5.7 Chloroparaffins/Chloralkanes ............................................................................ 13 3.5.8 Perfluorinated and Polyfluorinated Chemicals ...................................................... 14 3.5.9 Alkylphenol Ethoxylates and Alkylphenols ........................................................... 14

      • Does the standard include criteria on the use of dyes or pigments based on lead, copper, chromium, nickel, cadmium, cobalt and aluminium in the production phase?
        Answer: No Information available
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • basic (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on the prohibition of azo dyes that may cleave aromatic amines which are harmful to human health in the production phase?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.5.6 Dyes and Pigments The dyes and pigments listed in Appendix C shall not be used. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare in Annex 1 that the substances listed in Appendix C are not used or present compliance verifications in accordance with DIN EN 17234-1. Also, the applicant shall submit the test results obtained – with respect to leather – using the test method described in DIN EN ISO 17234-1 and - with respect to 4-aminobenzene – those obtained using the test method described in DIN EN ISO 17234-2: 2011. The maximum concentration shall be 20 mg/kg each. Appendix C Dyes and Pigments the use of which is not permitted under para. 3.5.6: (according to Commission Decision 2014/350/EC (EU ecolabel for textile products): a) Carcinogenic aromatic amines

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.5.6 Dyes and Pigments .......................................................................................... 13 Appendix C Dyes and Pigments the use of which is not permitted under para. 3.5.6: .......... 22

    • Handling of Chemicals
      0/4
      • Does the standard include criteria on storage and labelling of chemicals?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on selective and targeted application of chemicals?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on training on chemicals handling and exposure?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on training on chemicals handling and exposure?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
  • Water
    9/9
    • Water Use
      3/3
      • Does the standard include criteria on water consumption in the production phase?
        Answer: Advanced: Monitor water volumes & increase efficiency
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Monitor volumes of water consumption over time (1 point)
        • Advanced: Monitor water volumes & increase efficiency (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.3 Requirements for the Leather Manufacturing Process 3.3.1 Water Consumption The following water consumption limits shall not be exceeded: • ≤ 25m³/t altogether for raw hides of cattle - with the following limits for the different sub- processes:  ≤ 18 m3/t for raw hides of cattle to the processing stage “wet blue/wet white”  ≤ 10 m³/t for raw hides of cattle from the wet blue/wet white processing state to the finished leather • ≤ 45 m3/t for calf and goat skins • ≤ 80 m³/t for pigs skins and • ≤ 120 m³/t altogether for sheep skins, with the following limits for the different sub- processes:  ≤ 80 m³/t for sheep skins from raw skin to pickling  ≤ 55 m³/t for sheep skins from pickling to wet blue  ≤ 45 m³/t for sheep skins from wet blue to finished leather. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements in Annex 1. The application documents shall include a documentation of the annual production and water consumption figures. (Upon filing the application, the applicant shall present the annual production and water consumption figures for the previous year). These data shall cover the entire leather process. If semi-finished products are processed (wet blue, among others) the pre-supplier shall additionally submit a declaration documenting the annual production and water consumption figures (Annex 2).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.3 Requirements for the Leather Manufacturing Process ................................................ 7 3.3.1 Water Consumption ........................................................................................... 7

      • Does the standard include criteria on reusing/recycling or harvesting water?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.2.2. waste water discharge requirements

    • Wastewater
      6/6
      • Does the standard include criteria on wastewater quality and wastewater treatment?
        Answer: Advanced: Treat wastewater with parameters defined to ensure appropriate quality of wastewater
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Treat wastewater (1 point)
        • Advanced: Treat wastewater with parameters defined to ensure appropriate quality of wastewater (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment Wastewater from leather production processes shall not exceed the following limits for direct discharge into a water body: • COD of 200 mg/l or at least a 95% reduction compared with the monthly average inflow • 10 mg/l of ammonia nitrogen • 0.5 mg/l of AOX • value of 2 for toxicity to fish eggs (GEi) • BOD < 25 mg/l • 2 mg/l of sulfide in the sulfide-containing sub-stream (wastewater from soaking, liming and deliming processes, each including rinsing) and • 1 mg/l of total chromium in the chromium-containing sub-stream (wastewater from tanning, including samming, as well as from post-tanning operations. Wastewater from leather production processes shall not exceed the following limits for indirect discharge (prior to the discharge into a municipal or central wastewater treatment plant): • 2 mg/l of sulfide in the sulfide-containing sub-stream (wastewater from soaking, liming and deliming processes, each including rinsing) and • 1 mg/l of chromium altogether in the chromium-containing sub-stream (wastewater from tanning, including samming, as well as from post-tanning operations). Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements and submit a confirmation by the supervising authority to verify compliance with the requirements in Annex 1. Also, the applicant shall present test reports in accordance with Appendix B5 to the German Wastewater Ordinance or equivalent international test reports. The concentration measurement of sulfide and chromium can be made in the full stream before discharge into a body of water (direct discharge) or into a municipal or central wastewater treatment plant (indirect discharge). If so, the applicant shall report the mixing ratio of the sub-streams in order to allow a back calculation. A retrograde calculation taking into account the degradation rate of the sewage treatment plant in accordance with Appendix D shall also be admissible. The following test methods shall be used: • Chemical oxygen demand (COD): ISO 6060 or DIN 38409-41 or DIN-ISO 15705 • AOX (chloride content < 5 g/l): DIN EN ISO 9562 or • AOX (chloride content > 5 g/l): DIN 38409-22 • Biological oxygen demand (BOD): DIN EN 1899 • Sulfide: DIN 38405-27 or ISO 10530 • Chromium: ISO 9174 or DIN EN 1233 or EN ISO 11885 • Ammonia nitrogen: DIN EN ISO 11732 • Toxicity to fish eggs: DIN EN ISO 15088. In addition, the applicant shall submit a declaration stating that the discharge values of the wastewater treatment plant are checked at least every six months (Annex 1). If the wastewater is discharged into municipal or central wastewater treatment plants (indirect discharge) the applicant shall additionally submit the permit (if discharged to municipal wastewater treatment plants) or the contract terms (if discharged to central wastewater treatment plants) verifying that discharge is permitted and the municipal wastewater treatment plant meets at least the requirements of Directive 91/271/EEC. If semi-finished products are processed (e.g. wet blue) all compliance verifications shall be additionally submitted by the pre-supplier too (Annex 2).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.3 Requirements for the Leather Manufacturing Process ................................................ 7 3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment ............................................................. 8

      • Does the standard include criteria on wastewater volumes (per unit of production)?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment (...) In addition, the applicant shall submit a declaration stating that the discharge values of the wastewater treatment plant are checked at least every six months (Annex 1). If the wastewater is discharged into municipal or central wastewater treatment plants (indirect discharge) the applicant shall additionally submit the permit (if discharged to municipal wastewater treatment plants) or the contract terms (if discharged to central wastewater treatment plants) verifying that discharge is permitted and the municipal wastewater treatment plant meets at least the requirements of Directive 91/271/EEC. If semi-finished products are processed (e.g. wet blue) all compliance verifications shall be additionally submitted by the pre-supplier too (Annex 2). (from annex 2) 2. Use of Water Declaration: The water consumption for the above-mentioned processing was: m ³/t The information is to be supported by appropriate documents to be attached to the declaration.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment ............................................................. 8

      • Does the standard include threshold values on basic wastewater parameters?
        Answer: Advanced: The schemes requires threshold values on basic wastewater parametersfor different production steps
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: The scheme requires threshold values on basic wastewater parameters at least for one production step (1 point)
        • Advanced: The schemes requires threshold values on basic wastewater parametersfor different production steps (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment Wastewater from leather production processes shall not exceed the following limits for direct discharge into a water body: • COD of 200 mg/l or at least a 95% reduction compared with the monthly average inflow • 10 mg/l of ammonia nitrogen • 0.5 mg/l of AOX • value of 2 for toxicity to fish eggs (GEi) • BOD < 25 mg/l • 2 mg/l of sulfide in the sulfide-containing sub-stream (wastewater from soaking, liming and deliming processes, each including rinsing) and • 1 mg/l of total chromium in the chromium-containing sub-stream (wastewater from tanning, including samming, as well as from post-tanning operations. Wastewater from leather production processes shall not exceed the following limits for indirect discharge (prior to the discharge into a municipal or central wastewater treatment plant): • 2 mg/l of sulfide in the sulfide-containing sub-stream (wastewater from soaking, liming and deliming processes, each including rinsing) and • 1 mg/l of chromium altogether in the chromium-containing sub-stream (wastewater from tanning, including samming, as well as from post-tanning operations). Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements and submit a confirmation by the supervising authority to verify compliance with the requirements in Annex 1. Also, the applicant shall present test reports in accordance with Appendix B5 to the German Wastewater Ordinance or equivalent international test reports. The concentration measurement of sulfide and chromium can be made in the full stream before discharge into a body of water (direct discharge) or into a municipal or central wastewater treatment plant (indirect discharge). If so, the applicant shall report the mixing ratio of the sub-streams in order to allow a back calculation. A retrograde calculation taking into account the degradation rate of the sewage treatment plant in accordance with Appendix D shall also be admissible. The following test methods shall be used: • Chemical oxygen demand (COD): ISO 6060 or DIN 38409-41 or DIN-ISO 15705 • AOX (chloride content < 5 g/l): DIN EN ISO 9562 or • AOX (chloride content > 5 g/l): DIN 38409-22 • Biological oxygen demand (BOD): DIN EN 1899 • Sulfide: DIN 38405-27 or ISO 10530 • Chromium: ISO 9174 or DIN EN 1233 or EN ISO 11885 • Ammonia nitrogen: DIN EN ISO 11732 • Toxicity to fish eggs: DIN EN ISO 15088. In addition, the applicant shall submit a declaration stating that the discharge values of the wastewater treatment plant are checked at least every six months (Annex 1). If the wastewater is discharged into municipal or central wastewater treatment plants (indirect discharge) the applicant shall additionally submit the permit (if discharged to municipal wastewater treatment plants) or the contract terms (if discharged to central wastewater treatment plants) verifying that discharge is permitted and the municipal wastewater treatment plant meets at least the requirements of Directive 91/271/EEC. If semi-finished products are processed (e.g. wet blue) all compliance verifications shall be additionally submitted by the pre-supplier too (Annex 2).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.3 Requirements for the Leather Manufacturing Process ................................................ 7 3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment ............................................................. 8

      • Does the standard include threshold values on advanced wastewater parameters?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment Wastewater from leather production processes shall not exceed the following limits for direct discharge into a water body: • COD of 200 mg/l or at least a 95% reduction compared with the monthly average inflow • 10 mg/l of ammonia nitrogen • 0.5 mg/l of AOX • value of 2 for toxicity to fish eggs (GEi) • BOD < 25 mg/l • 2 mg/l of sulfide in the sulfide-containing sub-stream (wastewater from soaking, liming and deliming processes, each including rinsing) and • 1 mg/l of total chromium in the chromium-containing sub-stream (wastewater from tanning, including samming, as well as from post-tanning operations. Wastewater from leather production processes shall not exceed the following limits for indirect discharge (prior to the discharge into a municipal or central wastewater treatment plant): • 2 mg/l of sulfide in the sulfide-containing sub-stream (wastewater from soaking, liming and deliming processes, each including rinsing) and • 1 mg/l of chromium altogether in the chromium-containing sub-stream (wastewater from tanning, including samming, as well as from post-tanning operations). Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirements and submit a confirmation by the supervising authority to verify compliance with the requirements in Annex 1. Also, the applicant shall present test reports in accordance with Appendix B5 to the German Wastewater Ordinance or equivalent international test reports. The concentration measurement of sulfide and chromium can be made in the full stream before discharge into a body of water (direct discharge) or into a municipal or central wastewater treatment plant (indirect discharge). If so, the applicant shall report the mixing ratio of the sub-streams in order to allow a back calculation. A retrograde calculation taking into account the degradation rate of the sewage treatment plant in accordance with Appendix D shall also be admissible. The following test methods shall be used: • Chemical oxygen demand (COD): ISO 6060 or DIN 38409-41 or DIN-ISO 15705 • AOX (chloride content < 5 g/l): DIN EN ISO 9562 or • AOX (chloride content > 5 g/l): DIN 38409-22 • Biological oxygen demand (BOD): DIN EN 1899 • Sulfide: DIN 38405-27 or ISO 10530 • Chromium: ISO 9174 or DIN EN 1233 or EN ISO 11885 • Ammonia nitrogen: DIN EN ISO 11732 • Toxicity to fish eggs: DIN EN ISO 15088. In addition, the applicant shall submit a declaration stating that the discharge values of the wastewater treatment plant are checked at least every six months (Annex 1). If the wastewater is discharged into municipal or central wastewater treatment plants (indirect discharge) the applicant shall additionally submit the permit (if discharged to municipal wastewater treatment plants) or the contract terms (if discharged to central wastewater treatment plants) verifying that discharge is permitted and the municipal wastewater treatment plant meets at least the requirements of Directive 91/271/EEC. If semi-finished products are processed (e.g. wet blue) all compliance verifications shall be additionally submitted by the pre-supplier too (Annex 2).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.3 Requirements for the Leather Manufacturing Process ................................................ 7 3.3.2 Requirements for Wastewater Treatment ............................................................. 8

  • Inputs
    3/5
    • Fibres
      1/2
      • Does the standard include criteria on the usage of recycled material?
        Answer: Basic: Use of recycled material in packaging
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Use of recycled material in packaging (1 point)
        • Advanced: Use of recycled material in product (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.9 Packaging Plastics used in packaging shall not contain any halogenated polymers. If the leather is packed in paperboard these cardboard containers shall be made of 80 percent recycled materials. The goods shall be packed so as to allow the outgassing of volatile substances. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with this requirement in Annex 1 and, where applicable, present a sample of the product packaging (photo) to RAL gGmbH.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.9 Packaging .......................................................................................................... 15

    • Raw hides and other materials
      2/3
      • Does the standard include criteria on the origin of raw hides?
        Answer: Advanced: The scheme requires the traceability of raw hides to the slaughterhouse of origin.
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 2/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: The scheme includes criteria on the origin of raw hides for the milk and/or meat production. (1 point)
        • Advanced: The scheme requires the traceability of raw hides to the slaughterhouse of origin. (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.2 Origin of raw hides Protocol of the Leather Working Group and EC Regulation 853 / 2004. "Abweichend von Ziffer 3.4 (allgemeine stoffliche Anforderungen) gilt für Konservierungsstoffe der Anhang 1 zur RAL-UZ148 (Ausgabe März 2015). Eine chemische Konservierung für den Transport und die Lagerung der Rohhäute sowie der gegerbten Zwischenprodukte (wet blue, wet white) ist soweit wie möglich zu vermeiden. Anhang 1 zur Vergabegrundlage RAL-UZ148 für Leder 1. Konservierung 1.1.Zulässige biozide Wirkstoffe Folgende biozide Wirkstoffe sind als Lagerungs- und Transportschutz der Rohhäute sowie der gegerbten Zwischenprodukte (wet blue, wet white) nach der RAL-UZ148 erlaubt. Die in der Tabelle genannten Höchstwerte sind dabei im Endprodukt Leder einzuhalten."

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.2 Origin of raw hides Protocol of the Leather Working Group and EC Regulation 853 / 2004. 3.5 Leder 3.5.1 Konservierungsmittel Anhang 1"

      • Does the standard include criteria on animal species?
        Answer: -
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • Basic: -
        • Advanced: Exclusion of threatened and endangered species (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.2 Origin of Raw Hides and Skins Raw hides and skins shall be obtained from farm animals (i.e. cattle, calve, goat, sheep, pig)1 which are primarily kept for milk and/or meat production. Endangered species shall be explicitly excluded. In addition, attention shall be paid to an ethical origin and aspects of animal protection in accordance with Protocol 6.0 of the Leather Working Group2. Compliance Verification The applicant shall declare compliance with the requirement in Annex 1 and submit a corresponding declaration stating that no hides and skins of wildlife and endangered species are used and that a verification procedure with respect to the raw material used is performed following Regulation (EC) No 853/2004.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.2 Origin of Raw Hides and Skins ............................................................................... 7

  • Energy and Climate
    0/2
    • Climate Change Mitigation
      0/2
      • Does the standard include criteria on energy consumption in the production phase?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
  • Waste & Air Pollution
    0/11
    • Waste Management
      0/8
      • Does the standard include criteria on volumes of waste?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on re-using or recycling waste on-site?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on waste management in the production phase?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on waste segregation?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on safe disposal of hazardous waste?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on uncontrolled on-site waste burning?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on uncontrolled waste landfilling?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on handling or disposal of waste by third parties?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
    • Air pollution (excl. GHG) & Emission
      0/3
      • Does the standard include criteria on air pollution?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • For which production phase does the standard include criteria on air pollution?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        1.2 Background Leather production is a complex and complicated finishing process. A skin or hide must pass through roughly 40 processing stages until the organic raw material has been processed into the natural product leather (VDL#). Processing of leather involves the use of numerous chemicals that might have an impact on environment and health. The production of leather entails emissions of substances to air, water or land.

        Referenzdokumente:

        1.2 Background ......................................................................................................... 5

  • Environmental Management
    0/3
    • Environmental Management
      0/3
      • Does the standard include a general criterion on compliance with all relevant local, regional and national environmental laws and regulations?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria to ensure that relevant and up-to-date permits are held (such as water use rights or land use titles)?
        Answer: Yes No
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on environmental policy or management instruments (like EMAS or ISO 14001)?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

So­cio-E­co­nom­ic 16%

  • Core Labour Standards along the Supply Chain
  • Freedom of Association
  • Collective Bargaining
  • Prohibition of Forced Labour
  • Equal Remuneration / ILO 100
  • Non-Discrimination
  • Legal Minimum Wage
  • Provision of Social Benefits
  • Occupational health and safety / ILO 155
  • Labour Contracts
  • Minimum Age / ILO 138
  • Prohibition of the Worst Forms of Child Labour / ILO 182
  • Working Hours
  • Rights for Sub-Contractors
  • Social & Cultural Rights and Community Engagement
    0/6
    • Social and Cultural Rights
      0/6
      • Local Economic Development
        0/3
        • Does the standard include criteria relating to a preference to purchase local materials, goods, products and services?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria relating to hiring workers from local communities?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria on not adversely affecting local communities and neigboring small producers access to livelihoods (especially land and water)?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Community Rights
        0/2
        • Does the standard include criteria on dispute resolution mechanisms for affected communities?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Minority and Indigenous Rights
        0/1
        • Does the standard include criteria on the protection of minority rights and marginalized groups?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
  • Labour Rights and Working Conditions
    9/41
    • ILO Core Conventions
      7/9
      • Does the standard require compliance with (at least) all ILO core labour standards for different suppliers along the supply chain?
        Answer: Basic: Main tier 1 suppliers
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/2
        Possible answers
        • Basic: Main tier 1 suppliers (1 point)
        • Advanced: All tier 1 suppliers (2 points)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 2 – Circulation, promotion and implementation The implementation refers to the activities necessary to the application of the Code at all levels. (...) 2.4 COTANCE and the ETUF:TCL will call on their member organisations to integrate the code as a pre-requisite in all contracts with their sub-contractors and their suppliers. COTANCE and the ETUF:TCL will thus encourage the companies to make sure that the code is understood by their sub-contractors/suppliers and their respective workers.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Does the standard include criteria on freedom of association and the right to organize as described in ILO 87?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct COTANCE and ETUF:TCL call on their members to actively encourage companies and workers of the European leather and tanning sector to respect and to include, directly or indirectly (including sub-contracting) in their possible codes of conduct in all countries, world-wide, in which they operate the following ILO conventions: 1.3 Freedom of association & right to collective bargaining (Conventions 87 & 98) Workers and employees have the right to form or join a trade union of their choosing. Workers' rights to form trade unions, to join them and to negotiate collectively is recognised. Workers’ representatives will not be subject to discrimination and will have access to all work places if such access is necessary for allowing them to perform their functions of representation (Convention 135 & Immediate 143 of ILO).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Does the standard include criteria on the right to collective bargaining, as laid down by ILO 98?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct COTANCE and ETUF:TCL call on their members to actively encourage companies and workers of the European leather and tanning sector to respect and to include, directly or indirectly (including sub-contracting) in their possible codes of conduct in all countries, world-wide, in which they operate the following ILO conventions: 1.3 Freedom of association & right to collective bargaining (Conventions 87 & 98) Workers and employees have the right to form or join a trade union of their choosing. Workers' rights to form trade unions, to join them and to negotiate collectively is recognised. Workers’ representatives will not be subject to discrimination and will have access to all work places if such access is necessary for allowing them to perform their functions of representation (Convention 135 & Immediate 143 of ILO).

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Does the standard prohibit forced and compulsory labour as defined in ILO 29 and ILO 105?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct COTANCE and ETUF:TCL call on their members to actively encourage companies and workers of the European leather and tanning sector to respect and to include, directly or indirectly (including sub-contracting) in their possible codes of conduct in all countries, world-wide, in which they operate the following ILO conventions: 1.1 Ban on Forced Labour (Convention 29 & 105) Forced Labour, slave labour or obligatory labour are banned. The workers will not have to give their employers a financial guarantee or their identity papers.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Does the standard include criteria on the prohibition of child labour as defined under ILO 138?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct COTANCE and ETUF:TCL call on their members to actively encourage companies and workers of the European leather and tanning sector to respect and to include, directly or indirectly (including sub-contracting) in their possible codes of conduct in all countries, world-wide, in which they operate the following ILO conventions: (...) 1.2 Ban on Child Labour (Convention 138 & 182) Child labour is forbidden. Only workers aged 15 or more or older than the compulsory school age in the countries concerned are permitted to work. It should be guaranteed to provide measures with a view to help the concerned children by offering schooling possibilities and transitional financial help.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Does the standard cover requirements on the prohibition of worst forms of child labour as defined under ILO 182?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct COTANCE and ETUF:TCL call on their members to actively encourage companies and workers of the European leather and tanning sector to respect and to include, directly or indirectly (including sub-contracting) in their possible codes of conduct in all countries, world-wide, in which they operate the following ILO conventions: (...) 1.2 Ban on Child Labour (Convention 138 & 182) Child labour is forbidden. Only workers aged 15 or more or older than the compulsory school age in the countries concerned are permitted to work. It should be guaranteed to provide measures with a view to help the concerned children by offering schooling possibilities and transitional financial help.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Does the standard address the payment of equal wages as defined in ILO 100?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on the non-discrimination in the workplace, as defined in ILO 111?
        Answer: Yes
        Degree of Obligation: Immediately
        Score: 1/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

        Excerpt from standard:

        3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct COTANCE and ETUF:TCL call on their members to actively encourage companies and workers of the European leather and tanning sector to respect and to include, directly or indirectly (including sub-contracting) in their possible codes of conduct in all countries, world-wide, in which they operate the following ILO conventions: (...) 1.4 Non-discrimination of employment (Convention 100 & 111) The equality of opportunities and treatment will be applied to workers whatever their race, their colour, their sex, their religion, their political opinion, their nationality, their social origin or any other distinctive characteristic.

        Referenzdokumente:

        3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

    • Labour Rights
      2/20
      • Child Labour
        0/3
        • Does the standard require verification and documentation of age of (young) workers?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard require that assistance be provided to replaced child workers?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria on special treatment of young workers?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Gender
        0/3
        • Does the standard include criteria on having policies and/ or processes in place that prevent discrimination of women and men in the workplace?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria on the right to maternity leave (as defined in ILO 183)?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Wages and Benefits
        2/7
        • Does the standard require paying wages sufficient to meet basic needs of the worker and his or her family (living wage)?
          Answer: Yes
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 1/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.7 Payment of a decent remuneration Salaries and allocations paid have to be in conformity with the minimum legal rules and with the minimum rules in the industry and should allow workers to face their basic needs and ensure them a living wage. Deductions on salaries in the context of disciplinary measures are forbidden

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

        • Does the standard require paying legal minimum wages?
          Answer: Yes
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 1/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.7 Payment of a decent remuneration Salaries and allocations paid have to be in conformity with the minimum legal rules and with the minimum rules in the industry and should allow workers to face their basic needs and ensure them a living wage. Deductions on salaries in the context of disciplinary measures are forbidden.

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

        • Does the standard require the provision of social benefits?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard require compensating overtime?
          Answer: -
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • Basic: Yes (1 point)
          • Advanced: Yes and overtime is paid at a rate of at least 125% of the regular income (2 points)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.5 Reasonable working hours The number of working hours must be in conformity with the legislation and the rules in force in the industry. Workers can not be asked to work regularly over 48 hours per week and they will be entitled to one day of leave every 7 days at least. Overtime hours will be provided voluntarily provided that they do not exceed 12 hours per week, that they will not be requested regularly and that they always be compensated.

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

        • Does the standard require wages being paid in a timely, regular and convenient manner understood by all employees?
          Answer: -
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • Basic: Yes, some measures are in place (1 point)
          • Advanced: Yes, all measures are in place (2 points)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.7 Payment of a decent remuneration Salaries and allocations paid have to be in conformity with the minimum legal rules and with the minimum rules in the industry and should allow workers to face their basic needs and ensure them a living wage. Deductions on salaries in the context of disciplinary measures are forbidden.

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

      • Criteria for Working Hours
        0/2
        • Does the standard include criteria on working hours, rest days or overtime?
          Answer: -
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • Basic: -
          • Advanced: Standard requirements comply with ILO 1 requirements (1 point)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct (…) The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.5 Reasonable working hours The number of working hours must be in conformity with the legislation and the rules in force in the industry. Workers can not be asked to work regularly over 48 hours per week and they will be entitled to one day of leave every 7 days at least. Overtime hours will be provided voluntarily provided that they do not exceed 12 hours per week, that they will not be requested regularly and that they always be compensated.

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

        • Does the standard include criteria on working hours, as defined in ILO Convention 47?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Scope of Labour Rights
        0/3
        • Do the employee rights and benefits defined in the standard apply to all types of work?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Do the standard's rights and benefits for workers also apply to sub-contracted labour?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria on the establishment of labour contracts compliant with national legal requirements?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Other Labour Rights
        0/2
        • Does the standard include criteria on the formation of workers representations where freedom of association is restricted by law?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria on worker grievance mechanisms?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
    • Health and Safety
      0/12
      • Occupational Health and Safety
        0/10
        • Does the standard include criteria on occupational health and safety, as defined in ILO 155?
          Answer: -
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • Basic: Partial compliance with ILO 155 (1 point)
          • Advanced: Full compliance with ILO 155 (2 points)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. Article 1 - Content of the Code of Conduct (…) The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.6 Decent working conditions The workers will benefit from a safe and clean working environment and the best professional practices will be applied with regard to health and safety, having regard to the operating knowledge in the industry and to all specified risks. Any type of physical abuse is strictly forbidden, as well as threat, punitive practice or exceptional disciplinary practice, sexual or other harassment as well as any act of intimidation from the employer.

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

        • Does the standard include requirements on workplace conditions?
          Answer: -
          Degree of Obligation: Immediately
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • Basic: Some requirements on proper workplace environment (1 point)

          Excerpt from standard:

          3.8 Social Standards The applicant undertakes to comply with the Code of Conduct for the Leather Industry. The signatories of the present code call on their members to also respect and include in their possible codes of conduct, the following clauses. 1.6 Decent working conditions The workers will benefit from a safe and clean working environment and the best professional practices will be applied with regard to health and safety, having regard to the operating knowledge in the industry and to all specified risks. Any type of physical abuse is strictly forbidden, as well as threat, punitive practice or exceptional disciplinary practice, sexual or other harassment as well as any act of intimidation from the employer.

          Referenzdokumente:

          3.8 Social Standards ................................................................................................ 15

        • Does the standard include criteria on the access to basic medical services for workers?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard require compensation payments/ covering of costs in case of work related accidents and injuries?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/2
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard require that workers have access to safe drinking water?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard require safe and appropriate housing for workers?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard require access to clean and improved sanitation facilities?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Building and Fire Safety
        0/2
        • Does the standard include criteria on building safety?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria on evacuation safety and emergency management plan?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
  • Business Practice and Ethical Issues
    0/7
    • Economic Development and Fair Business Practice
      0/4
      • Legality
        0/2
        • Does the standard include criteria on business legality?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include a requirement for compliance with relevant local, regional and national laws and regulations?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
      • Responsible Sourcing Practices
        0/2
        • Does the standard include criteria on fair prices or price premiums?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
        • Does the standard include criteria for the production processes beyond primary production?
          Answer: No
          Degree of Obligation: Not covered
          Score: 0/1
          Possible answers
          • No (0 points)
          • Yes (1 point)
    • Corruption and Bribery
      0/3
      • Does the standard include criteria for the production processes beyond primary production?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on conducting a due diligence assessment of business partners, including subsidiaries and contractors?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
      • Does the standard include criteria on training workers in positions of responsibility workers on issues of corruption and bribery?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/1
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
  • Company Responsibility
    0/4
    • Company Responsibility in Europe
      0/2
      • Does the standard require the definition of a company-wide CSR strategy?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)
    • Impact Assessment
      0/2
      • Does the standard include criteria on assessing the impacts of operations on human rights?
        Answer: No
        Degree of Obligation: Not covered
        Score: 0/2
        Possible answers
        • No (0 points)
        • Yes (1 point)

Which lifecycle phases are covered by the standard?

Raw materials extraction and production

Animal husbandry and slaughtering processes

Manufacturing

The production of leather involves various sub-steps, both chemical and mechanical (soaking, liming, fleshing, splitting, tanning, finishing)

Transportation / distribution

The transport route from one production stage to the next as well as to the end consumer

Products use and consumption

Usage by the owner

End-of-life

Proper disposal of leather or return to the cycle (upcycling, recycling)